Intraoperative parathyroid hormone monitoring (IOPM), in use for the last 15 years, has facilitated focused parathyroidectomy. We undertook this study to determine if a drop in IOPT hormone levels below 50 per cent of baseline were sufficient to terminate the procedure. We conducted
a retrospective chart review (January 2007 to September 2010) of 104 patients who underwent initial parathyroidectomies with IOPM by general surgeons for primary hyperparathyroidism. Patients were followed up for serum calcium levels (range, 6 to 48 months). The number of specimens excised
was significantly decreased when IOPT hormone levels dropped to greater than 50 per cent and came within the normal range earlier. Moreover, for single-gland parathyroid adenomas, once the parathyroid hormone values dropped to less than 50 per cent in the 5-minute sample, they continued to
decrease in the subsequent samples. In 23 cases requiring further exploration, the parathyroid hormone values had already decreased to greater than 50 per cent in 14 cases but had not normalized (reference range, 8 to 74), leading to additional exploration. However, subsequent pathologic analysis
showed that the initial gland removed was the adenoma in all these cases. A drop in the initial 5-minute parathyroid hormone value to less than 50 per cent of the baseline should serve as sufficient evidence to terminate the procedure. This would translate into significant laboratory and personnel
cost savings over time. However, this should be carefully correlated with preoperative ultrasound/sestamibi findings.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
Document Type: Research Article
Department of Surgery, Providence Hospitals and Medical Centers, Southfield, Michigan, USA
Department of Pathology, Providence Hospitals and Medical Centers, Southfield, Michigan, USA
August 1, 2012
More about this publication?
The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Annual Scientific Meeting
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites