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A Double-Blind, Randomized, Active-Controlled Study for Post-Hemorrhoidectomy Pain Management with Liposome Bupivacaine, a Novel Local Analgesic Formulation

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This randomized, active-controlled study evaluated the extent and duration of analgesia after administration of liposome bupivacaine (LB), a novel formulation of bupivacaine, compared with bupivacaine HCl given via local infiltration in excisional hemorrhoidectomy. One hundred patients were randomly assigned to receive a single dose of bupivacaine HCl 75 mg (0.25% with 1:200,000 epinephrine) or LB 66, 199, or 266 mg upon completion of hemorrhoidectomy. Postoperative pain intensity was assessed using a numeric rating scale at rest to calculate a cumulative pain score (area under the curve). Cumulative pain scores were significantly lower with LB at each study dose (P < 0.05) compared with bupivacaine HCl 72 hours after surgery. Post hoc analysis showed that mean total postoperative opioid consumption was statistically significantly lower for the LB 266-mg group compared with the bupivacaine HCl group during the 12- to 72-hour postoperative period (P = 0.019). Median time to first opioid use was 19 hours for LB 266 mg versus 8 hours for bupivacaine HCl (P = 0.005). Incidence of opioid-related adverse events was 4 per cent for LB 266 mg compared with 35 per cent for bupivacaine HCl (P = 0.007). Local infiltration with LB resulted in significantly reduced postsurgical pain compared with bupivacaine HCl in patients after hemorrhoidectomy surgery.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Colorectal Surgical Associates, Ltd, LLP, Houston, Texas, USA

Publication date: May 1, 2012

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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