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The Effect of Multiple Wire Localization in Breast Conservation

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Variability exists regarding the surgical technique in breast conservation therapy. The purpose of this project was to determine differences between single (SH) or flanking (FH) hooked needle localization wires used for nonpalpable breast lesions. We retrospectively reviewed 201 female patients at a single institution from 2004 to 2008. All patients had biopsy-proven ductal carcinoma in situ or invasive disease. Comparisons were made in regard to margin status, reoperation, completion mastectomy, size of lesion, and breast specimen volume. SH was placed in 122 patients (61%) and FH in 79 patients (39%). In SH, 23 patients (18%) had positive margins and 31 patients (25%) had reoperations as compared with 31 patients (25%) with positive margin and 36 patients (44%) in the FH cohort (P = 0.039 and 0.0037). Average lesion size and volume resected was 1.5 cm and 137 cm3 in SH and 2.85 cm and 188 cm3 in FH, respectively (P = 0.0001 and 0.006). Positive margins were associated with lesion size and not volume of tissue excised. The FH technique was associated with more positive margins, reoperation, and completion mastectomy.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: University of Tennessee Graduate School of Medicine, Knoxville, Tennessee, USA

Publication date: May 1, 2012

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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