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Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Patients Undergoing Open Mesh Repair of Inguinal Hernia: A Meta-Analysis

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The use of antibiotic prophylaxis in hernia repair is still under debate. The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the effect of antibiotic prophylaxis in patients undergoing open mesh repair of inguinal hernia with respect to incidence of postoperative surgical site infection (SSI). A literature search was conducted in databases of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. Study selection, data extraction, quality assessment, and meta-analysis were conducted according to the recommendations by Cochrane collaboration. Nine randomized controlled trials were included. Incidence of surgical site infection was 39/1642 (2.38%) in the antibiotic group and 70/1676 (4.18%) in the control group. Antibiotics showed a protective effect in preventing SSI after mesh inguinal hernia repair (odds ratio: 0.61, 95% confidence interval: 0.40‐0.92, I2: 0%). Antibiotic prophylaxis did reduce the incidence of SSI in hernia patients undergoing mesh hernioplasty. The cost effectiveness of antibiotic prophylaxis needs further evaluation.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Center of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China 2: West China Medical School, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China

Publication date: March 1, 2012

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