Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Management of Choledochal Cysts and Their Complications

Buy Article:

$70.00 + tax (Refund Policy)

Choledochal cysts are increasingly reported in adults. The presence of cyst-related complications alters its presentation and complicates the management. We reviewed our experience to find the clinical presentation, complications, and the management of choledochal cysts. The records of 132 patients with choledochal cysts presented to us between 2003 and 2010 maintained as a prospective database were analyzed for demography, clinical presentation, radiological investigation, management, and outcome. There were 12 children and 120 adults. Based on preoperative cholangiogram, 93 (71%) patients had Type I and 39 (29%) Type IVA cysts. The overall incidence of complicated choledochal cyst was 4 of 12 (33%) in children and 85 of 120 (71%) in adults. The most common complication was cystolithiasis (49%) followed by cholangitis (32%), acute pancreatitis (10%), hepatolithiasis (7%), malignancy (3%), portal hypertension (2%), and chronic pancreatitis (2%). Acute pancreatitis and cholangitis were managed conservatively. Endoscopic stenting was performed in patients with cholangitis and those requiring staged treatment as a result of portal hypertension. Overall 114 patients underwent cyst excision with Roux-en-y hepaticojejunostomy. The overall morbidity was 17.5 per cent (wound infection 13% and bilioenteric anastomotic leak 7%). There was one postoperative death resulting from cardiac failure. Three patients developed anastomotic stricture and underwent redo hepaticojejunostomy. Choledochal cysts in adults are often associated with complications. Complications are more common in adults compared with children. Acute pancreatitis, cholangitis and portal hypertension are managed conservatively and then followed up by definitive surgery. Cyst excision with Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy is necessary to prevent the recurrence of complications.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, GB Pant Hospital, New Delhi, India 2: Department of Gastroenterology, GB Pant Hospital, New Delhi, India

Publication date: March 1, 2012

More about this publication?
  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Membership Information
  • Annual Scientific Meeting
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more