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Preoperative Functional Health Status Impacts Outcomes after Ventral Hernia Repair

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Associated with the aging population is an increase in comorbidities and a decrease in the ability to perform basic daily activities. This is tracked within the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) as a patient's preoperative functional health status. Our goal was to evaluate the impact of preoperative functional status upon outcomes after ventral hernia repair. We reviewed all cases of patients that underwent ventral hernia repair from 2005 to 2010 in the ACS-NSQIP database. Patients were identified based on selected Current Procedural Terminology codes and grouped based on functional status as listed in the ACS-NSQIP database—independent, partially dependent, and totally dependent. Preoperative and operative variables were recorded for all patients. Clinical risk factors and short-term outcomes between groups were compared. Multivariable logistic regression was used to adjust for age, wound class, American Society of Anesthesiologists class, and case relative value units. A total of 76,397 patients were identified: 74,785 were independent (97.9%), 1,317 partially dependent (1.7%), and 295 totally dependent (0.4%). Totally dependent patients had an increased risk for all short-term outcomes after ventral hernia repair: wound occurrence, pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, urinary tract infection, myocardial infarction, deep venous thrombosis, sepsis, return to the operating room, and death (P < 0.001 for all).
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Surgery, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, Kentucky, USA 2: Division of General Surgery, University of Kentucky College of Medicine, Lexington, Kentucky, USA

Publication date: February 1, 2012

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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