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Acute Acalculous Cholecystitis after Gastrointestinal Surgery

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Acute acalculous cholecystitis has been identified as a rare but potentially devastating entity after trauma, and burns, as well as in critically ill patients, and in the postoperative period. Gastrointestinal surgery is most frequently implicated in postoperative acute acalculous cholecystitis, especially after gastric and colorectal procedures. Review of the English literature identified 28 articles reporting 76 cases of acute acalculous cholecystitis after gastrointestinal operations, which included a case from Tulane University Medical Center of a 64-year-old man who developed postoperative acute acalculous cholecystitis after elective left hemicolectomy. A total of 52.4 per cent of the patients developed gangrenous acute acalculous cholecystitis, with a mortality rate of 21.1 per cent, much higher than that reported in postoperative calculous cholecystitis. This emphasizes the need for a high level of suspicion and early detection in the postoperative period to avoid devastating consequences.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Surgery, Tulane University, New Orleans, Louisiana, USA

Publication date: February 1, 2012

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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