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Feasibility of Pancreaticoduodenectomy in a Nonuniversity Tertiary Care Center: What Are the Key Elements of Success?

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It is advocated that a favorable outcome for pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is related to a high volume at university centers. This article examines the specific elements that allow an equivalent outcome from PD in a nonuniversity tertiary care center (NUTCC). The study was performed to: 1) evaluate the outcome of PDs done at a NUTCC; 2) study the components of the process that are required to attain success in a NUTCC; and 3) provide a new look at the volume‐outcome relationships in complex surgeries in a novel nonuniversity setting. Medical records of patients who underwent PD by a single surgeon between September 2005 and August 2008 at a high-volume NUTCC were analyzed. The records were reviewed with respect to preoperative and postoperative data, 30-day mortality, morbidity, and histopathology data. A total of 122 patients underwent PD. The mean age was 68.2 years. Jaundice was the most common presenting symptom in 57 per cent (69 patients). Thirty-nine patients (32%) underwent a pylorus-preserving PD. The mean operative time was 237 minutes. The mean estimated blood loss was 480 mL. The mean length hospital stay was 13 days. Thirty-day mortality was 3.2 per cent (four patients) and overall morbidity was 49 per cent. The key factors in developing a team dedicated to the care of the patient undergoing PD are discussed. A center of excellence can be developed in a NUTCC resulting in outcomes that meet and indeed may exceed nationally reported benchmarks. The key elements to success include a team approach to the patient undergoing PD.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery, the 2: Department of Pathology, and the 3: Department of Gastroenterology, Methodist Dallas Medical Center, Dallas, Texas

Publication date: May 1, 2011

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