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Does Surgical Resection Have a Role in the Treatment of Large or Multinodular Hepatocellular Carcinoma?

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Several effective treatments are available for patients with small solitary hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs). Conversely, the management of patients with large or multinodular HCCs is controversial, and the role of surgical resection is not well defined. Between 2000 and 2006, 51 patients with large or multinodular HCC underwent liver resection. Clinicopathologic and follow-up data were prospectively collected and retrospectively reviewed. The perioperative and long-term outcomes were analyzed. Univariate and multivariate analysis of prognostic factors were conducted. Although 20 patients had multinodular HCCs, 31 had large solitary tumors. Perioperative mortality occurred in eight patients and complications in 15. In patients with large solitary tumors, 5-year disease-free and overall survival were 41.3 per cent and 56.1 per cent, respectively. Those with multinodular HCCs demonstrated 5-year disease-free and overall survival rates of 0 per cent and 33.6 per cent, respectively. Liver resection can result in long-term survival in select patients with large or multinodular HCCs, even in select patients with impaired liver function. Large solitary HCCs seem to have better prognoses than multinodular tumors, with lower recurrence and higher survival rates after surgery. Randomized controlled trials comparing resection to other treatment modalities are indicated to determine optimal patient management.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Surgery, University ‘‘Sapienza’’ of Rome, II Faculty of Medicine, Sant’Andrea Hospital, Rome, Italy 2: General Surgery and Transplant Unit, Department of General Surgery, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy

Publication date: November 1, 2010

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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