Laparoscopy Associated Mesenteric Vascular Complications
Since the first reported case in 1994, a small but significant number of patients have developed major mesenteric arterial and venous thromboses after laparoscopy, usually with catastrophic outcomes. The basic science data in both animal and human models suggest that these events were due in part to specific predisposing patient factors, combined with the physiologic changes in splanchnic hemodynamics that occur during induction and maintenance of pneumoperitoneum. The following manuscript examines the science of this phenomenon in detail and the features of the reported cases to date, with the goal being to increase awareness of this serious and likely underreported phenomenon.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Surgery, West Virginia University/Charleston Division, Charleston, West Virginia, USA
Publication date: November 1, 2010
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