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Body Image Perception and Quality of Life in Patients Who Underwent Breast Surgery

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Quality of Life (QoL) has become a standard measure in assessing the effectiveness of medical interventions. We compared the differences between QoL and body image scale (BIS) in a group of patients who underwent breast surgery, including lumpectomy or conservative surgery, modified radical mastectomy and radical mastectomy with breast reconstruction. We included patients who underwent breast surgery between August of 2005 and June of 2006 in two tertiary referral centers in Mexico City. Two self-administered questionnaires assessing body image perception, BIS and quality of life (SF-36), were assigned and a physician-conducted interview was done. We stratified patients by age, marital status, and scholar grade. The sample comprised 202 patients. The BIS results yielded: the group with a benign lesion demonstrated favorable body image perception when compared with the malignant lesion group. A confirmed diagnosis of malignancy hinders QoL in older and younger age groups. Conservative surgery and breast reconstruction improves QoL in younger patients without significance in the older group. The most significant variable that hinders the BIS and QoL is the cancer diagnosis. Impact of conservative surgery and breast reconstruction in body image perception and quality of life is influenced by patient age and educational level.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Surgical Oncology Section, National Institute of Medical Sciences and Nutrition ‘‘Salvador Zubirán’’, México;

Publication date: September 1, 2010

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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