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Road Traffic Collisions—Case Fatality Rate, Crash Injury Rate, and Number of Motor Vehicles: Time Trends Between a Developed and Developing Country

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Road traffic collisions (RTCs) are one of the most common preventable causes of death and disability worldwide. We investigated changes in numbers of motor vehicles, case fatality rate, and crash injury rate for the most present recorded year (2002) 5 and 10 years before that in the United Kingdom (UK) and Sri Lanka (SL). We also investigated environmental and individual factors impacting patients at South Birmingham Trauma Unit, UK and Colombo General Hospital, SL. We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional study (both quantitative and qualitative). Over the 10-year period, numbers of motor vehicles have risen in both countries; the crash injury remained stable in both countries. Case fatality rate (far higher) in SL has decreased, as in the UK. Three hundred and twenty-five patients took part in the survey in SL, with 83 in the UK. In the categories investigated, including patient demographics, RTC environment, visual impairment, pedestrian and driver factors, the majority of results were significantly different between the two countries. Target factors such as inadequate street lighting, visual impairment, speeding, and not wearing seatbelts at time of accident were identified, and recommendations developed as a result.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Trauma, University Hospital Birmingham/George Eliot Hospital, West Midlands, United Kingdom; South Birmingham Trauma Unit, Selly Oak Hospital, Birmingham, United Kingdom; Colombo General Hospital, Colombo, Sri Lanka 2: Department of Trauma, University Hospital Birmingham/George Eliot Hospital, West Midlands, United Kingdom; South Birmingham Trauma Unit, Selly Oak Hospital, Birmingham, United Kingdom; Dagger;Colombo General Hospital, Colombo, Sri Lanka

Publication date: 01 September 2010

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