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Gluteal Fascial Advancement: An Innovative, Effective Method for Treating Pilonidal Disease

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The ideal elective surgical procedure for pilonidal disease is debated. Simple excision and closure is commonly performed but is associated with a high incidence of wound complications and recurrence. We developed a simple modification of primary closure, which involves the elevation, mobilization, and closure of the gluteal fascia. The purpose of this study is to compare outcomes of this gluteal fascial advancement technique with standard primary closure for the treatment of pilonidal disease. We retrospectively reviewed our surgical database to include all patients who underwent surgery for pilonidal disease from 2004 to 2007. Patients who underwent primary closure (n = 66) were compared with patients who underwent gluteal fascial advancement (n = 17). Demographic data as well as recurrence and the incidence of wound complications were examined. There was a significant difference in incidence of wound breakdown (0 vs 21%), recurrence (0 vs 20%), and early wound drainage (6 vs 32%). Overall there was an 80 per cent reduction in wound complications after gluteal fascial advancement compared with primary closure. Gluteal fascial advancement is a simple modification of standard primary closure and is associated with fewer wound complications and recurrences.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Greenville Hospital System, University Medical Center, Academic Department of Surgery, Greenville, South Carolina, USA

Publication date: February 1, 2010

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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