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Arterial Revascularization for Upper Extremity Ischemia in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

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Surgical revascularization of the upper extremity is uncommon, comprising only 4 to 18 per cent of all vascular surgical interventions. Patients with renal failure have higher rates of atherosclerotic cardiovascular and peripheral arterial disease resulting from chronic inflammation, endothelial damage associated with hemodialysis, and vascular trauma. Upper extremity arterial disease with chronic ischemia may be underrecognized in these patients. We reviewed our experience with upper extremity revascularization in patients with renal failure presenting with chronic ischemia. Four patients with longstanding chronic kidney disease developed chronic severe ischemia affecting the forearm or hand. All had previous dialysis access in the symptomatic arm, although none had a functional ipsilateral access at the time of presentation. All patients had successful revascularization with resolution of symptoms and patent bypass grafts at follow up. There was one death 4 months postoperatively and one patient has not returned for follow up. Patients with renal failure with symptomatic upper extremity arterial occlusion should be considered for revascularization of the infrabrachial arteries.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: From the Department of Surgery, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia

Publication date: 01 September 2009

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