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Gastric Injury Increases Infections in Trauma Patients

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Some physicians feel gastric injury is not a significant contributing factor to the adverse outcome of trauma patients, but rather a marker of epigastric injury. We hypothesized the addition of a gastric injury to multiple injured trauma patients would increase infection rate. We conducted a retrospective study comparing 450 consecutive patients with full-thickness gastric injury with 983 patients without gastric injury during the same time period. Infection rate in patients with gastric injury was 44 per cent (200 of 455) and significantly higher than 36 per cent (357 of 983) seen without gastric injury (P = 0.006). Logistic regression revealed gastric injury was an independent risk factor for infection controlling for age, Injury Severity Scale, gender, mechanism of injury, shock, and associated injuries (P = 0.047). Requiring a transfusion, Injury Severity Scale, colon injury, age, pancreas injury, and emergency department shock were also independent risk factors for developing an infection. The addition of a gastric injury to a trauma patient appears to increase the risk for infection.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: From Wayne State University/Detroit Receiving Hospital, Detroit, Michigan

Publication date: November 1, 2008

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