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Endometrial Stromal Sarcoma Development after Hysterectomy and Tamoxifen Therapy

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Tamoxifen therapy is well known for its success in adjuvant therapy for breast carcinoma; however, despite its benefits, the agents' estrogenic influence on the uterus, and subsequent endometrial cell proliferation may result in development of invasive uterine tumors. It has been estimated that tamoxifen may increase the risk of endometrial-based cancer two- to threefold, but uterine sarcomas remain relatively rare, accounting for 2 to 5 per cent of all uterine malignancies. We report the case of a 72-year-old woman having received tamoxifen for a breast carcinoma and having a hysterectomy nearly 30 years prior who presented with an intra-abdominal, omentum-based mass that on excision was identified as an endometrial stromal sarcoma.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: From the Departments of Surgery and Surgical Oncology, Mercer University School of Medicine, Medical Center of Central Georgia, Macon, Georgia

Publication date: August 1, 2008

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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