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Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography after Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: A Case Series and Review of the Literature

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Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) has become an important tool in the diagnosis and treatment of pancreaticobiliary pathology. ERCP in patients that have undergone Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is particularly challenging because traditional transoral endoscopy may be limited. We present our experience with ERCP after RYGB and review the literature. In 2007 eight patients underwent ERCP after RYGB using open or laparoscopic transgastric access. After introduction of pneumoperitoneum, a total of four ports were placed. A purse-string was placed around a gastrotomy 4 to 6cm proximal to the pylorus. The endoscope was introduced through a 15 mm left-upper-quadrant port and the gastrotomy. Endoscopy was then performed. Laparoscopic gastrotomy was used in all patients that underwent a previous laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) (n = 6) and open gastrotomy was used for patients with a previous open RYGB (n = 2). Cannulation and interventions in the pancreaticobiliary tree were successful in all cases. There were no postoperative complications. Laparoscopic transgastric ERCP after LRYGB is feasible, highly successful, may be performed expeditiously, and does not seem to add significant morbidity to the procedure. The ability to perform ERCP in this patient population is critical due to their tendency to have preexisting biliary disease and to develop gallstones and the associated complications.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: From the Departments of General Surgery, Division of Bariatric Surgery 2: Department of Surgery, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas 3: Medicine and Division of Gastroenterology, Allegheny General Hospital, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and the

Publication date: August 1, 2008

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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