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Mesenteric Venous Thrombophlebitis—Septic Thrombophlebitis of the Inferior Mesenteric Vein: An Unusual Manifestation of Diverticulitis

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We report a case of a 57-year-old female patient who presented with fever, abdominal pain, and bacteremia. A CT scan demonstrated sigmoid diverticulitis and air within the inferior mesenteric vein. The patient underwent exploratory laparotomy and sigmoid colectomy. She was discharged without complications. Septic thrombophlebitis of the inferior mesenteric vein is a rare complication of diverticulitis. It may manifest as bacteremia not responding to intravenous antibiotics. CT scan findings are diagnostic, and include evidence of intraluminal gas within the inferior mesenteric vein. As with any case of complicated diverticulitis, the treatment is surgical resection of the involved colon.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: From the Department of Surgery, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York

Publication date: 01 April 2007

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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