Bedside Modified Clagett Procedure for Empyema After Pulmonary Resection
The objective of this study is to demonstrate the effectiveness and feasibility in treating empyema after pulmonary resection with a modified Clagett procedure performed at the bedside (BMCP). A retrospective review of a single surgeon's experience at a single institution was undertaken. All operative, postoperative, and outcome data were analyzed. Follow-up data were obtained from subsequent clinic charts. Five patients, including four males, were identified who underwent BMCP after pulmonary resection. The original operative procedures included two lobectomies, one pneumonectomy, one bilobectomy, and one bilateral metastastectomy. Patients were diagnosed with an empyema (positive thoracostomy tube culture, fever, and radiographic abnormality) at a mean time of 31 days from their initial procedure. Culture results disclosed Gram-positive empyemas in all patients. Three patients underwent BMCP as an outpatient, whereas the other two had BMCP during their hospitalizations. All patients are free from complications or recurrence at a mean follow up of 11.2 months. No patient required a further procedure after BMCP. The bedside modified Clagett procedure is both safe and effective. It is a valuable option in the management of postoperative empyema because it avoids additional operative procedures. This procedure is cost-effective when compared with operative management of perioperative empyema.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: From the University of South Florida, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Tampa, Florida
Publication date: July 1, 2006
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