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Gender Differences in Outcomes After Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery

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Our objective was to assess surgical outcomes between male and female patients undergoing off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). The study was conducted from a 10-year hospitalization cohort (n = 11,230) in which the data were collected prospectively. Inclusion criteria included an off-pump CABG-only procedure. There were 526 men and 250 women included in the study. Fourteen potential confounding risk factors and 14 outcome variables were examined. Six potential risk factors were found to be significantly different between men and women. Men were younger (P = 0.014), had a larger body surface area (P < 0.001), a higher creatinine level (P < 0.001), required more grafts (P < 0.001), and were more likely to have a cerebrovascular history (P = 0.020) and a history of tobacco use (P ≤ 0.001). Logistic regression analysis showed that even after controlling for age, body surface area, creatinine level, number of grafts, and tobacco history, women had longer length of hospitalization (odds ratio, 1.97; 95% confidence interval, 1.28–3.04, P = 0.002) and more sternal wound complications than men (odds ratio, 1.07; 95% confidence interval, 1.01–2.11, P = 0.028) after off-pump CABG. Although not statistically different, women had lower operative mortality than men after off-pump CABG (0.8% [2 of 10] compared with 1.5% [8 of 10], respectively). Despite women requiring a longer hospitalization and having a greater incidence of sternal wound infections than men, there was no significant difference in mortality.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: From the Department of Surgery, Good Samaritan Hospital, Cincinnati, Ohio; 2: From the Department of Surgery, Good Samaritan Hospital, Cincinnati, Ohio;, Cardiac, Vascular, and Thoracic Surgery, Inc., Cincinnati, Ohio; and 3: E. Kenneth Hatton, M.D., Institute for Research and Education, Cincinnati, Ohio

Publication date: 01 April 2006

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  • The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
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