TFC (Thoracic Fluid Content): A New Parameter for Assessment of Changes in Chest Fluid Volume
Clinical assessment of cardiac status can be difficult and incomplete without an assessment of fluid volume status, especially of the lungs. Now, a new parameter is available, thoracic fluid content (TFC). It is an indicator of total fluid volume, both intracellular and extracellular. Because it is measured noninvasively using impedance cardiography (ICG), it could be a welcome addition to the physician’s assessment. An evaluation of TFC was performed beginning with 1) an examination of chest impedance (Z) as an accurate means of following fluid changes, 2) the relationship of TFC to Z using both loop and spot electrodes, and 3) clinical applications of TFC. In 1) 12 dogs, Z was superior (r = 0.935, P < 0.006) to 10 traditional hemodynamic and gas transfer parameters in trending a lactated Ringer’s infusion; 2) a plastic model, changes in TFC values derived from Z measurements using both loop and spot electrodes were virtually identical and paralleled infused saline (r = 0.999, P < 0.001); 3) the clinical setting, TFC trended fluid changes well. From these results, we conclude that TFC is a reliable measurement of chest fluid status and of changes in that fluid. Along with cardiac index (CI), also provided by the ICG monitor, TFC can be very helpful to the clinician.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
Keywords: Research Article
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2005
More about this publication?
- The Southeastern Surgical Congress owns and publishes The American Surgeon monthly. It is the official journal of the Congress and the Southern California Chapter of the American College of Surgeons, which all members receive each month. The journal brings up to date clinical advances in surgical knowledge in a popular reference format. In addition to publishing papers presented at the annual meetings of the associated organizations, the journal publishes selected unsolicited manuscripts. If you have a manuscript you'd like to see published in The American Surgeon select "Information for Authors" from the Related Information options below. A Copyright Release Form must accompany all manuscripts submitted.
- Information for Authors
- Submit a Paper
- Subscribe to this Title
- Membership Information
- Annual Scientific Meeting
- Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites