Selective Use of Cardiopulmonary Bypass in Trauma Patients
The need for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) in the treatment of trauma patients is controversial, and not all level I trauma centers have CPB readily available. Our purpose was to review the selective use of CPB in the management of trauma victims at a level I trauma center in Los Angeles County. We reviewed the records of all patients for whom the CPB team was called in from 1994 to 2002. Perfusionists were present for the initial operative management of 24 patients, 22 (92%) of which were male. Twelve patients had penetrating and nine had blunt injuries, two were severely hypothermic, and the last suffered embolization of a bullet to the pulmonary artery. Overall survival was 75 per cent. Sixteen (67%) patients required CPB due to the life-threatening nature of their injuries and/or hemodynamic instability; 11 (69%) survived. The remaining 8 patients were operated on with the CPB team present but on standby; 7 (88%) survived. Cardiopulmonary bypass could be life-saving in select trauma patients with major chest injuries. Hypothermia, acidemia, and shock can be reversed earlier while allowing increased time to gain adequate exposure and perform quality repairs. Level I trauma centers should have CPB capabilities immediately available.
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Keywords: Research Article
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2005
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