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Open Access Enzymatic C–C-Coupling Prenylation: Bioinformatics – Modelling – Mechanism – Protein-Redesign – Biocatalytic Application

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The functional role of isoprenoids and especially enzymatic prenylation in nature and human application is briefly covered, with the focus on bioinformatical, mechanistical and structural aspects of prenyltransferases and terpene synthases. These enzymes are as yet underrepresented but perspectively useful biocatalysts for C–C couplings of aromatic and isoprenoid substrates. Some examples of the successful use in chemoenzymatic synthesis are given including an application for the otherwise difficult synthesis of Kuhistanol A. Computational structure-based site-directed mutagenesis can be used for rational enzyme redesign to obtain altered substrate and product specificities, which is demonstrated for terpene cyclases.

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Keywords: AROMATIC PRENYLTRANSFERASES; BIOCATALYSIS; PROTEIN-REDESIGN; SUBSTRATE SPECIFICITY; TERPENE SYNTHASES

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2009

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  • International Journal for Chemistry and Official Membership Journal of the Swiss Chemical Society (SCS) and its Divisions

    CHIMIA, a scientific journal for chemistry in the broadest sense, is published 10 times a year and covers the interests of a wide and diverse readership. Contributions from all fields of chemistry and related areas are considered for publication in the form of Review Articles and Notes. A characteristic feature of CHIMIA are the thematic issues, each devoted to an area of great current significance.

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