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Open Access Spills of Acids and Bases

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Due to their hazardous characteristics acids and bases present an intrinsic risk in the event of spillage. To prevent injuries from chemical contamination, HazMat unit personnel use protective suits and proper decontamination procedures. Nitrous acid is especially insidious since it causes severe burns with wounds that take a long time to heal. In addition it produces hydrogen and nitrous oxide gases by redox reactions with metals. Risk assessment for a production site and case studies of incidents are presented.

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Keywords: DECONTAMINATION; NITRATION; NITROUS ACID; PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT; RISK ASSESSMENT

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2004

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  • International Journal for Chemistry and Official Membership Journal of the Swiss Chemical Society (SCS) and its Divisions

    CHIMIA, a scientific journal for chemistry in the broadest sense, is published 10 times a year and covers the interests of a wide and diverse readership. Contributions from all fields of chemistry and related areas are considered for publication in the form of Review Articles and Notes. A characteristic feature of CHIMIA are the thematic issues, each devoted to an area of great current significance.

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