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Open Access Thermal Stability of Explosives

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Thermal decomposition rates and mechanisms of explosives are of obvious importance to efforts designed to enhance safety in manufacturing, storage and handling of these energetic materials. To assess the thermal stability of energetic materials a series of analyses have to be performed. This paper gives an overview on the classical tests used to establish the safety parameters. The modern analytical methods applied today are also presented and illustrated. The development of technology and the use of advanced numerical techniques such as AKTS-TA-Software® enables prediction of the reaction progress of materials in broad temperature ranges. In fact, the goal for numerical simulations is to replace experiments in situations when direct accessibility to the test item or set-up is not possible for timing or safety reasons. The introduction of such new methodology will lead to approaches as close as possible to the reality but will never be able to reach it.

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Keywords: ADVANCED NUMERICAL TECHNIQUES; EXPLOSIVES; FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS; THERMAL DECOMPOSITION; THERMOANALYTICAL TECHNIQUES

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: June 1, 2004

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  • International Journal for Chemistry and Official Membership Journal of the Swiss Chemical Society (SCS) and its Divisions

    CHIMIA, a scientific journal for chemistry in the broadest sense, is published 10 times a year and covers the interests of a wide and diverse readership. Contributions from all fields of chemistry and related areas are considered for publication in the form of Review Articles and Notes. A characteristic feature of CHIMIA are the thematic issues, each devoted to an area of great current significance.

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