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Open Access Supercritical Calorimetry: An Emerging Field

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Calorimetry (adiabatic, isothermal, differential, oscillating or acoustic) is generally based on heat-flow measurements of the studied system. Most of its applications are dedicated to kinetic-parameter determination, safety studies and process optimization, phase equilibrium and phase transition studies. Heat flow calorimetry on the lab scale is currently limited to low viscosity fluids. An emerging new field is concerned with the use of calorimetry in the presence of supercritical fluids as solvent reaction, which will be named supercritical calorimetry. Supercritical carbon dioxide (CO2sc) represents an increasingly interesting media for a wide variety of reactions. To fulfill this need, a special supercritical calorimeter has been developed in collaboration with Mettler-Toledo, Schwerzenbach, CH and some preliminary results are presented.

This paper explores supercritical calorimetry applied to the intrinsic properties of carbon dioxide in the liquid, gas and especially supercritical phase as well as applications and theory related to reaction calorimetry. The CO2sc heat capacity (cp) is measured over the range of 33–112 °C and 77–206 bar using a reaction calorimeter (RC1e, Mettler-Toledo) coupled with a high-pressure HP350 metallic reactor. Measured values are compared to theoretical values obtained from Wagner and Span's equation of state. 3D representations of the predicted values for heat capacity, density and sound speed of carbon dioxide in the fluid phase are presented.

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Keywords: EQUATION OF STATE; HEAT CAPACITY; HEAT-FLOW CALORIMETER; SPEED OF SOUND; SUPERCRITICAL CALORIMETRY; SUPERCRITICAL CARBON DIOXIDE

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: April 1, 2002

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  • International Journal for Chemistry and Official Membership Journal of the Swiss Chemical Society (SCS) and its Divisions

    CHIMIA, a scientific journal for chemistry in the broadest sense, is published 10 times a year and covers the interests of a wide and diverse readership. Contributions from all fields of chemistry and related areas are considered for publication in the form of Review Articles and Notes. A characteristic feature of CHIMIA are the thematic issues, each devoted to an area of great current significance.

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