Bird and Mammal Risk Assessment for Pesticides in Europe: A Review of Current Guidance
In order to register pesticides for use in Europe a detailed risk assessment has to be conducted on potential ecotoxicological effects, including the risk of toxicity to wild birds and mammals. In short, this involves the comparison of laboratory acute and long-term (reproductive) toxicity endpoints with estimates of oral exposure. Exposure is estimated using pesticide residues derived from default estimates of residues on food items and theoretical feeding rates for relevant bird and mammal scenario species. Bird and mammal risk assessment was formerly conducted according to the EPPO Guidance (1994) until new Guidance, SANCO4145/2000, was introduced in 2002, and then the latest EFSA Guidance (2009) was adopted in 2010. This paper will focus particularly on the new EFSA Guidance, comparing it to the previous SANCO Guidance, considering the challenges it presents and options for refining the risk assessment where it fails at early stages.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: August 1, 2012
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