Environmental Factors, Exercise Behavior, and Fitness of US Airmen
Objective: Little is known about the potential relationships between the built environment and the fitness and physical activity (PA) behavior of military personnel. In this study, we examined associations between the built environment in and around the workplace of a major US Air Force base and PA behavior and fitness levels of airmen. Methods: Data were collected from military personnel (N = 927) assigned to 11 squadrons that were stationed on a US Air Force base located in the Midwest. We conducted mixed logistic regression analyses to assess potential associations between the US Air Force base environment and the airmen's PA behavior and fitness levels. Results: We found statistically significant associations between the airmen's PA behavior and the outside proximal (Odds Ratio [OR] = 1.49, 95% Confidence Interval [CI] = 1.21,1.83) and outside distal environments (OR= 1.80, 95% CI= 1.27,2.56), but not the inside environment of the base workplace. We found no statistically significant associations between the environment and the airmen's fitness. Conclusions: The results contribute to the body of literature indicating the importance of the built environment in regard to health promoting behaviors such as regular PA participation.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: October 1, 2020
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