Physical Factors, Cognition, and Academic Performance Changes in Adolescents
Objective: In this study, we aimed to determine if physical-related factors could predict changes in cognitive control and academic performance in high school students using a longitudinal design. Methods: Overall, 185 students in grades 7-9 (mean age: 13.1 ± 1.0 years old) completed a 3-year prospective study. Physical activity habits (quantity, intensity and the type of sport practicing), physical fitness (cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength and endurance), body composition (body mass index, skeletal muscle mass, body fat percentage), cognitive control (inhibitory control and working memory) and academic performance (grades in science, mathematics, language and the overall average) were assessed every year. Results: Better physical fitness and body composition seem to be positively associated with cognitive control and academic performance in both girls and boys. However, these associations were weak and had a poor ability to predict variations in cognitive control or academic performance during the 3-year period. Conclusion: Results of the present study indicate that physical-related factors were not important predictors of cognitive control and academic performance variations in high school students during a 3-year period.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 2020
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