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School Characteristics and Participation in a Smoking Prevention Intervention

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Objective: We examined whether schools participating in a school-based smoking prevention intervention (X:IT II) differed from other schools in Denmark. Methods: We used national data to compare schools in X:IT II (N = 46) to all other schools nationwide having a 7th grade (N = 1299). Using binary logistic regression analyses, we examined whether school characteristics and measures of pupils' well-being were associated with participation. Results: We found lower odds for participating in X:IT II among private schools compared to public schools (OR = .433, p = .026) and higher odds for participating among schools with many pupils reporting high social well-being (OR = 1.034, p = .023) and low well-being concerning support and inspiration (OR = 1.055, p = .019). Conclusions: Findings suggest that schools in X:IT II are representative in terms of pupil enrollment, proportion of pupils with foreign origin, organizational resources, average grades, academic well-being, and well-being concerning peace and order compared to schools nationwide. On the other hand, type of institution (private vs public), social well-being, and well-being concerning support and inspiration were significantly associated with participation in the intervention. These findings are relevant for guiding future interventions targeting health areas among school children and adolescents.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2020

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  • Health Behavior and Policy Review is a rigorously peer-reviewed scholarly bi-monthly publication that seeks manuscripts on health behavior or policy topics that represent original research, including papers that examine the development, advocacy, implementation, or evaluation of policies around specific health issues. The Review especially welcomes papers that tie together health behavior and policy recommendations. Articles are available through subscription or can be ordered individually from the Health Behavior and Policy Review site.
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