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Volunteerism and Cardiovascular Health: The HCHS/SOL Sociocultural Ancillary Study

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Objective: We examined the association between volunteerism and favorable cardiovascular health (CVH) among Hispanics/Latinos living in the US. Methods: We used data from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (2008-2011) Sociocultural Ancillary Study (N = 4926; ages 18-74 years). Favorable CVH was defined as positive profiles of all major CVD risk factors: low total serum cholesterol, blood pressure, and body mass index, not having diabetes, and not smoking. We adjusted survey-weighted logistic regression models for sociodemographic, lifestyle, and psychological factors. In secondary analyses, we tested whether the volunteerism-CVH association was modified by sex, age, or years lived in the US (<10 vs ≥10 years; a proxy acculturation measure). Results: Prevalence of volunteerism was 14.5%. Compared to non-volunteers, volunteers had 1.67 higher odds of favorable CVH in the fully adjusted model (OR = 1.67, 95% CI = 1.11, 2.52). There was evidence of effect modification by acculturation; only volunteers living in the US ≥10 years had 2.41 higher odds of favorable CVH (OR = 2.41, 95% CI = 1.53, 3.80). There was no evidence of effect modification by sex or age. Conclusions: Volunteerism was associated with favorable CVH among US Hispanics/Latinos.
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Keywords: CARDIOVASCULAR HEALTH; CIVIC ENGAGEMENT; HISPANIC HEALTH; HISPANICS/LATINOS; VOLUNTEERISM

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2020

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  • Health Behavior and Policy Review is a rigorously peer-reviewed scholarly bi-monthly publication that seeks manuscripts on health behavior or policy topics that represent original research, including papers that examine the development, advocacy, implementation, or evaluation of policies around specific health issues. The Review especially welcomes papers that tie together health behavior and policy recommendations. Articles are available through subscription or can be ordered individually from the Health Behavior and Policy Review site.
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