Can Students Be Motivated to Exercise through Physical Education Class Learning Strategies? A Multilevel Analysis
Objective: In this study, we investigated associations between physical education (PE) classroom motivational strategies and leisure-time physical activity (PA) for children in predominantly- black urban school environments. Methods: We used cross-sectional data consisting of observa- tions of PE classes and a survey of children on their attitudes and PA behavior. We assessed 740 students and 48 PE classes across 4 schools and applied multilevel statistical analysis. Results: Classroom-level variables explain 73% variance in leisure-time PA. Classroom use of extrinsic motivation,intrinsic motivation, and PA promotion motivational strategies are associated with leisure-time PA. Conclusion: Classroom motivational strategies hold the potential to foster lei- sure-time PA among children. PE curriculum, training, and classroom strategies can be useful tools for encouraging PA and addressing childhood obesity. Further research is encouraged.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 2019
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