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Can Students Be Motivated to Exercise through Physical Education Class Learning Strategies? A Multilevel Analysis

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Objective: In this study, we investigated associations between physical education (PE) classroom motivational strategies and leisure-time physical activity (PA) for children in predominantly- black urban school environments. Methods: We used cross-sectional data consisting of observa- tions of PE classes and a survey of children on their attitudes and PA behavior. We assessed 740 students and 48 PE classes across 4 schools and applied multilevel statistical analysis. Results: Classroom-level variables explain 73% variance in leisure-time PA. Classroom use of extrinsic motivation,intrinsic motivation, and PA promotion motivational strategies are associated with leisure-time PA. Conclusion: Classroom motivational strategies hold the potential to foster lei- sure-time PA among children. PE curriculum, training, and classroom strategies can be useful tools for encouraging PA and addressing childhood obesity. Further research is encouraged.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: May 1, 2019

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  • Health Behavior and Policy Review is a rigorously peer-reviewed scholarly bi-monthly publication that seeks manuscripts on health behavior or policy topics that represent original research, including papers that examine the development, advocacy, implementation, or evaluation of policies around specific health issues. The Review especially welcomes papers that tie together health behavior and policy recommendations. Articles are available through subscription or can be ordered individually from the Health Behavior and Policy Review site.
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