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Relationship between Physical Activity and Behavior in Primary Students

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Objective: Our goal was to assess relationships between student physical activity and classroom behaviors. Methods: Physical activity of 157 primary students was assessed using accelerometers during school, and momentary time sampling tracked behaviors. Results: We found weak, significant inverse correlations among steps, intensity levels, and behaviors (R = .40, R2 = .16, p = .01). Behaviors and steps before recess were significantly, inversely related (R = -.18, R2 = .03), suggesting pre-recess steps account for 3% of behavior. Behaviors and steps after recess were significantly, inversely related (R = -.20, R2 = .04), suggesting post-recess steps account for 4% of behavior. Conclusions: Findings demonstrated 84% of on-task behavior results from non-physical activity, suggesting other variables affect classroom behaviors.
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Keywords: PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; SCHOOL ON-TASK BEHAVIOR; SCHOOL RECESS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 November 2018

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  • Health Behavior and Policy Review is a rigorously peer-reviewed scholarly bi-monthly publication that seeks manuscripts on health behavior or policy topics that represent original research, including papers that examine the development, advocacy, implementation, or evaluation of policies around specific health issues. The Review especially welcomes papers that tie together health behavior and policy recommendations. Articles are available through subscription or can be ordered individually from the Health Behavior and Policy Review site.
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