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Open Access Are Routine Health Examinations Fulfilling their Promise for Prevention?

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This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND licence.

Objective: Routine health check-ups of school age children are common; however there is little critical review across settings. We describe these practices in high- and low- and middle- income countries and provide a critical analysis. Methods: The literature in 6 databases as well as other sources were reviewed systematically. Results: We identified 240 sources describing screening practices in 86 countries. Among these countries, at least 65 have systems for routine screenings, and at least 47 have systems for routine health reviews that include but are not limited to screenings. Good practices in conducting screenings are rarely reported. Conclusions: We propose improvements to screening practices including shifting from screening activity to a health visit, among others.


Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: November 1, 2018

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  • Health Behavior and Policy Review is a rigorously peer-reviewed scholarly bi-monthly publication that seeks manuscripts on health behavior or policy topics that represent original research, including papers that examine the development, advocacy, implementation, or evaluation of policies around specific health issues. The Review especially welcomes papers that tie together health behavior and policy recommendations. Articles are available through subscription or can be ordered individually from the Health Behavior and Policy Review site.
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