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Open Access Influence of Lifestyle Behaviors and Social Support on Depressive Symptoms


We analyzed the influence of lifestyle behaviors and social support on depressive symptoms among permanent supportive housing (PSH) residents.


Multiple linear regression was used to analyze the relationship between behavioral and social factors on depressive symptoms among 420 PSH residents participating in a health coaching intervention.


Improvements in social support over 6 months significantly predicted a reduction in depressive symptoms (p < .0001). Changes in physical activity (p = .722) and diet quality (p = .282) over 6 months did not significantly predict changes in depressive symptoms.


In this population, improving social support may be more effective in reducing depressive symptoms compared with modifications in diet quality and physical activity.

Keywords: behavioral medicine; depression; diet; mental health; physical activity; social support

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2018

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  • Health Behavior and Policy Review is a rigorously peer-reviewed scholarly bi-monthly publication that seeks manuscripts on health behavior or policy topics that represent original research, including papers that examine the development, advocacy, implementation, or evaluation of policies around specific health issues. The Review especially welcomes papers that tie together health behavior and policy recommendations. Articles are available through subscription or can be ordered individually from the Health Behavior and Policy Review site.
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