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Nutritional Status and Cardiovascular Risk Markers in Adolescents: A Systematic Review

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Objective: We conducted a systematic review of the literature to evaluate the relationship between nutritional status and cardiovascular risk markers in adolescents. Methods: Between April and August of 2015 we searched PubMed/Medline, Web of Science, ScienceDirect, and Scopus databases in to identify articles describing relationships between nutritional status and cardiovascular risk markers in adolescents. The terms used in the search were: "risk factors," "cardiovascular disease," "nutritional status," "metabolic syndrome," and "adolescents." The STROBE checklist was used for the quality methodological analysis in the selected articles. This study was based on the items in the PRISMA checklist. Results: Of the 539 articles we reviewed, 11 met the eligibility criteria and were evaluated for this systematic review. Conclusions: Cardiovascular risk markers were significantly increased in overweight/obese adolescents, suggesting that overweight/obesity may reduce the quality of life for these individuals.
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Keywords: ADOLESCENT HEALTH; CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE; CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE RISK FACTORS; METABOLIC SYNDROME; NUTRITION STATUS OF ADOLESCENTS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: July 1, 2017

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  • Health Behavior and Policy Review is a rigorously peer-reviewed scholarly bi-monthly publication that seeks manuscripts on health behavior or policy topics that represent original research, including papers that examine the development, advocacy, implementation, or evaluation of policies around specific health issues. The Review especially welcomes papers that tie together health behavior and policy recommendations. Articles are available through subscription or can be ordered individually from the Health Behavior and Policy Review site.
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