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Open Access Evaluation of a K-2 Elementary Nutrition Education Program

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Objective: We compared nutrition-related knowledge, behaviors, and self-efficacy between 3rd grade students who received a School Enrichment Kit Program (SEKP) (intervention) and those who did not (control). Methods: One survey was administered to intervention (N = 79) and control (N = 112) students. Group differences and relationships between constructs were assessed using a t-test and regression analysis, respectively. Results: The intervention group had significantly higher scores on some knowledge variables, summary knowledge score, vegetable and breakfast consumption, and summary behavior score (p < .05). Girls scored higher than boys on most variables. Self-efficacy (β=.54, p < .0001) was a stronger predictor than knowledge (β=.08, p = .435) for behavior outcomes. Conclusions: SEKP appeared to be an effective K-2 nutrition intervention for improving behaviors such as vegetable and breakfast consumption, and some nutrition knowledge.

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Keywords: ELEMENTARY SCHOOL; HEALTH BEHAVIOR; NUTRITION EDUCATION; SELF-EFFICACY

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, USA

Publication date: January 1, 2016

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  • Health Behavior and Policy Review is a rigorously peer-reviewed scholarly bi-monthly publication that seeks manuscripts on health behavior or policy topics that represent original research, including papers that examine the development, advocacy, implementation, or evaluation of policies around specific health issues. The Review especially welcomes papers that tie together health behavior and policy recommendations. Articles are available through subscription or can be ordered individually from the Health Behavior and Policy Review site.
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