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Influences of Fruit and Vegetable Intake among Asian Youth on Texas WIC

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Objectives: This study investigates dietary behaviors of Asian preschoolers on Texas WIC using Social Cognitive Theory (SCT). Methods: Sixty-eight Asian caregivers completed the Texas Food and Nutrition Questionnaire about themselves and their child, assessing demographics, food intake, and SCT variables. Results: Most children consumed juices, fruit, vegetables, and white rice daily. There were no differences in food intake before and after WIC food package changes. While controlling for covariates, the caregiver's fruit and vegetable intake and child's outcome expectancies (p < .05) predicted the child's fruit and vegetable intake (adjusted R2=0.644, p < .001). Conclusions: This study adds to nutrition and behavioral theory research on low-income Asian children in Texas, especially in light of WIC food package changes.
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Keywords: ASIAN; CHILD; DIET; PRESCHOOL; THEORY; WIC

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: USDA/ARS Children’s Nutrition Research Center, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, USA

Publication date: November 1, 2015

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  • Health Behavior and Policy Review is a rigorously peer-reviewed scholarly bi-monthly publication that seeks manuscripts on health behavior or policy topics that represent original research, including papers that examine the development, advocacy, implementation, or evaluation of policies around specific health issues. The Review especially welcomes papers that tie together health behavior and policy recommendations. Articles are available through subscription or can be ordered individually from the Health Behavior and Policy Review site.
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