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Open Access Determinants of Restrictive Dietary Behaviors among Female High School Athletes

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Objectives: This study assessed the determinants of intention to adopt restrictive dietary behaviors to lose weight among high school female athletes. Methods: Female athletes (N = 255) and non-athlete controls (N = 91) completed a questionnaire based on the theory of planned behavior. Results: Intention to adopt restrictive dietary behaviors to lose weight, which had a prevalence of 22%-29% among athletes and controls, was correlated primarily with attitude towards this behavior (R2 = 45%, p < .0001). Attitude was in turn correlated with improvement in appearance (R2 = 37%, p < .0001). Conclusions: Improvement in appearance is a key belief to address in interventions aimed at decreasing the intention to use restrictive dietary behaviors to lose weight among adolescent female athletes.

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Keywords: HIGH SCHOOL FEMALE ATHLETES; RESTRICTIVE DIETARY BEHAVIORS; THEORY OF PLANNED BEHAVIOR; WEIGHT CONCERN

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods, Laval University, Québec City, Québec, Canada

Publication date: September 1, 2015

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  • Health Behavior and Policy Review is a rigorously peer-reviewed scholarly bi-monthly publication that seeks manuscripts on health behavior or policy topics that represent original research, including papers that examine the development, advocacy, implementation, or evaluation of policies around specific health issues. The Review especially welcomes papers that tie together health behavior and policy recommendations. Articles are available through subscription or can be ordered individually from the Health Behavior and Policy Review site.
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