Determinants of Restrictive Dietary Behaviors among Female High School Athletes
Objectives: This study assessed the determinants of intention to adopt restrictive dietary behaviors to lose weight among high school female athletes. Methods: Female athletes (N = 255) and non-athlete controls (N = 91) completed a questionnaire based on the theory of planned behavior. Results: Intention to adopt restrictive dietary behaviors to lose weight, which had a prevalence of 22%-29% among athletes and controls, was correlated primarily with attitude towards this behavior (R2 = 45%, p < .0001). Attitude was in turn correlated with improvement in appearance (R2 = 37%, p < .0001). Conclusions: Improvement in appearance is a key belief to address in interventions aimed at decreasing the intention to use restrictive dietary behaviors to lose weight among adolescent female athletes.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Institute of Nutrition and Functional Foods, Laval University, Québec City, Québec, Canada
Publication date: September 1, 2015
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