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Food Insecurity and Prediabetes among Adolescents Taking a School-based Survey

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Objectives: Food insecurity (FI) is a correlate of poor health throughout the life course. This study examines relationships between FI and reported prediabetes among middle-high school students taking a school-based survey. Methods: Data are from the 2019 Minnesota Student Survey (N = 125,375). Logistic regression was used to examine relationships between youth past month FI and reported prediabetes in analyses adjusting for demographics, low quality dietary intake (fast food and sugar sweetened beverage), and cardiometabolic indicators (physical activity, sleep duration, body mass index). Analyses were stratified by youth race-ethnic identification. Results: Almost one in 20 youth reported past month FI. In fully adjusted models, the associations between youth FI and prediabetes differed by race-ethnic identification, and were robust to sociodemographic, diet, and cardiometabolic correlates for some groups (eg, NH black, African, African-American students [AOR: 1.88, 95% CI: 1.12-3.14]; Hispanic, Latino/a students [AOR: 1.84, 95% CI: 1.14-2.97]; and NH white students [AOR: 2.83, 95% CI: 2.14-3.73]). Conclusions: FI was associated with race-ethnic disparities in youth prediabetes. Tailored approaches to address food quality, access and other social drivers may reduce youth risk of prediabetes.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Naomi N. Duke, Associate Professor, Division of Primary Care & Duke Center for Childhood Obesity Research, Department of Pediatrics, Duke University School of Medicine, Durham, NC, United States;, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: March 1, 2021

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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