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Trends in Dietary Patterns and Diet-related Behaviors in China

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Objectives: Determination of trends in diet-related behaviors and their interactions with cardio-metabolic diseases is an important research endeavor. Methods: We analyzed food categories, weight, eating frequency, eating location, cooking methods, time of food intake, dietary knowledge, food preference, nutritional structure over time, and their interaction with cardiometabolic risks, using t tests and χ2 tests, based on the China Health and Nutrition Survey packages from 1997 to 2011. Results: Consumption of fruits, dairy products, snacks, fast food, and beverages has increased significantly, as a concomitant and marked decrease in rice consumption has occurred. Food categories, eating frequency, cooking methods, and at-home eating are gradually increasing and diversifying. Persons not only prefer to consume carbohydrate-rich foods like fruits and vegetables, but also enjoy energy-dense foods like meat, snacks, and beverages. There has been a switch from a predominantly plant-based diet to a Western style diet high in fat and animal-based foods. People have undergone significant changes in reducing the intake of energy, carbohydrates, and protein, but significantly increased their fat intake. Conclusion: Chinese dietary patterns and diet-related behaviors have undergone significant transition in the past few decades, trending towards diversification and modernization.
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Keywords: CARDIOMETABOLIC RISKS; DIETARY BEHAVIORS; DIETARY PATTERNS; FAT; NUTRITION TRANSITION

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Tao Bu, PhD Candidate, School of Economics and Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China 2: Daisheng Tang, Professor, School of Economics and Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China;, Email: [email protected] 3: Yahong Liu, PhD Candidate, School of Economics and Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China 4: Dangui Chen, Postgraduate Candidate, School of Economics and Management, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing, China

Publication date: March 1, 2021

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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