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Exploring the Role of Social Network Structure in Disease Risk among U.S. Long-haul Truck Drivers in Urban Areas

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Objective: Using mixed methods, we explored properties of long-haul truckers' social networks potentially influencing STI/BBI acquisition and transmission. Methods: We recruited inner-city drug and sex network members (N = 88) for interviews. Blood and urine samples and vaginal swabs were collected to test for STIs/BBIs. Data were collected on participants' role in the network (trucker, sex worker, or intermediary), sexual and substance-use behaviors, and dyadic relationships with drug and/or sex contacts. We analyzed network data using UCINET. Results: Data revealed 2 major network clusters (58 male truckers, 6 male intermediaries, and 24 female sex workers; 27.3% STI/BBI positive). Overall, 18.8% of network members had more than one type of risky relationship with the same person (multiplexity), 11.4% of dyads were between 2 STI/ BBI positive people (assortative mixing), 36.4% were between one STI/BBI positive person and one negative person (disassortative mixing), 44.3% of people were connected to more than one person who was STI/BBI positive (concurrency), and 62.5% of nodes were just one path removed from an STI/BBI positive individual (bridging). Conclusion: Despite only 27.3% of the network being STI/BBI positive, our results revealed network characteristics (and potential intervention points) that amplify risk of disease spread within trucker-centered networks.
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Keywords: SEXUAL NETWORKS; TRANSMISSION NETWORKS; TRUCKERS

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Megan S. Patterson, Assistant Professor, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, United States;, Email: [email protected] 2: Jordan L. Nelon, Program Evaluator, Centerstone Research Institute, Nashville, TN, United States 3: Michael K. Lemke, Assistant Professor, University of Houston Downtown, Houston, TX, United States 4: Sevil Sönmez Associate Dean for Faculty, Research and Graduate Programs and Professor, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, United States 5: Adam Hege, Associate Professor, Appalachian State University, Boone, NC, United States 6: Yorghos Apostolopoulos, Associate Professor, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX, United States

Publication date: January 1, 2021

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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