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Open Access Fear of Cancer Progression and Health Behaviors in Patients with Colorectal Cancer

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This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND licence.

Objectives: Preparation of patients for colon tumor resection, which involves giving up smoking, reducing alcohol intake, having a proper diet, and increasing physical activity, significantly shortens the hospitalization period. In this study, we aimed at determining the relationship between the fear of cancer progression (FoP) and health behaviors among people with colon cancer. Methods: Participants were patients a week before a colon tumor surgery and 6 months after. Measured variables included smoking, alcohol intake, anti-health products intake (anti-health behaviors), physical activity, pro-health products intake (pro-health behaviors), and fear of progression cancer. Results: Comparing the week before the surgery and 6 months after revealed a decrease in smoking (η2 = .02), alcohol intake (η2 = .03), anti-health products intake (η2 = .06) and physical activity (η2 = .06). A higher level of fear of cancer progression is related to decrease in anti-health behaviors, but does not affect the change in health-promoting behaviors among patients with colorectal cancer. Conclusions: FoP is an important factor facilitating the limitation of anti-health behaviors such as alcohol and anti-health products intake. Symptoms of colorectal cancer have negative influence on physical activity and intake of pro-health products.
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Keywords: CANCER PROGRESSION; COLORECTAL CANCER; FEAR OF CANCER; HEALTH BEHAVIORS

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Jarosław Ocalewski, Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland;, Email: [email protected] 2: Patrycja Michalska, Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 3: Paweł K. Izdebski, Professor, Department of Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, Poland 4: Michał Jankowski, Chair of Surgical Oncology, Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Poland and Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Oncology Center, Bydgoszcz, Poland, and Department of Surgical Oncology, Oncology Center – Professor Franciszek Lukaszczyk Memorial Hospital, Romanowskiej, Bydgoszcz, Poland 5: Wojciech Zegarski, Professor, Chair of Surgical Oncology, Ludwik Rydygier Collegium Medicum in Bydgoszcz, Poland and Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torué, Oncology Center, Bydgoszcz, Poland, and Department of Surgical Oncology, Oncology Center – Professor Franciszek Lukaszczyk Memorial Hospital, Romanowskiej, Bydgoszcz, Poland

Publication date: January 1, 2021

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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