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Open Access The Arabic Version of the Personality Inventory for the DSM-5 (PID-5) in a Clinical Sample of United Arab Emirates (UAE) Nationals

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This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND licence.

Objectives: We aimed to test the potential of the Arabic version of the PID-5 to distinguish between clinical and non-clinical participants, as well as to examine its convergent validity and factor structure in an Emirati clinical sample. Methods: The Arabic version of the PID-5 was administered to a clinical sample comprised of 156 participants (Mage = 31.38, SD = 8.99, 37.8% male, 62.2% female) and a community sample also comprised of 156 participants (Mage = 31.43, SD = 9.52, 37.2% male, 62.8% female). We addressed the descriptive measures, internal consistency, mean rank scores differences, convergent validity with SCL-90-R, and PID-5's factor structure. Results: As expected, the clinical sample presented statistically significantly higher scores than the non-clinical sample, with medium to high effect sizes. In addition, all the PID-5 domains showed positive correlations with most of the symptomatic constellations of the SCL-90-R as well as the PID-5 facets with all their SCL-90-R counterparts. However, our findings did not entirely replicate the PID-5 original 5-factor structure, as only a 4-factor solution was retained. Conclusions: Future studies with the Arabic PID-5 in clinical samples are needed to understand its relevance and clinical utility in Arabic countries.

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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Olga Coelho, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Psicologia, CICPSI, Lisbon, Portugal;, Email: [email protected] 2: Rute Pires, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Psicologia, CICPSI, Lisbon, Portugal 3: Ana Sousa Ferreira, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Psicologia and Business Research Unit (BRU-IUL), Lisbon, Portugal 4: Bruno Gonçalves, Universidade de Lisboa, Faculdade de Psicologia, CICPSI, Lisbon, Portugal 5: Samia A. AlKhoori, Psychiatry Department of Rashid Hospital, Dubai, UAE 6: Mohamed A. Sayed, National Rehabilitation Center, Abu Dhabi, UAE 7: Amany ElRasheed, Al Amal Hospital, Dubai, UAE 8: Sara Belhoul, Al Amal Hospital, Dubai, UAE 9: Maryam AlJassmi, College of Natural and Health Sciences, Zayed University, Dubai, UAE 10: Joana Stocker, College of Natural and Health Sciences, Zayed University, Dubai, UAE

Publication date: November 1, 2020

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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