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Moderated Mediation Model from Stress to Burnout among Health Professionals

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Objectives: It is unclear whether poor health is a contributing factor or a consequence of burn-out. We aimed to explore the relationship among job stress, physical health, mental health, burnout, and coping strategies among health professionals using a moderated mediation model. Methods: Health professionals in Taiwan were invited using a stratified and probability proportional to size sampling. A structure equation model (SEM) was used to examine relationships among job stress, burnout, and physical/mental health. The bootstrapping approach for moderated mediation analysis was then used to explore the role of coping strategies. Results: Totally 935 health professionals participated. The SEM model revealed that job stress was inversely associated with physical and mental health. The direct association between job stress and burn-out was insignificant. Moderated mediation analysis revealed that job stress influenced burnout through physical health and mental health, and that the coping strategy of support-seeking moderated the indirect effect only through mental health. Conclusions: Support-seeking is a good coping strategy for health professionals to buffer the harmful effects of job stress on mental health.
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Keywords: BURNOUT; COPING STRATEGY; HEALTH PROFESSIONALS; JOB STRESS; PHYSICAL AND MENTAL HEALTH; TAIWAN

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Tianan Yang, Associate Professor, School of Management and Economics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China 2: Run Lei, Postgraduate Student, School of Management and Economics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China 3: Pei-Ru Li, Research Assistant, Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan 4: Ai Yin Lim, PhD Student, Graduate Institute of Rehabilitation Science, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan 5: Yangyang Sun, Postgraduate Student, School of Management and Economics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China 6: Jianwei Deng, Associate Professor, School of Management and Economics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing, China 7: Sheue-Rong Lin, Ex-Director, Public Health Bureau of Taoyuan City Government, Taiwan 8: Lai-Chu See, Professor, Department of Public Health, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan;, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: November 1, 2020

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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