Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Open Access Health Risk Factors in American Indian and Non-Hispanic White Homeless Adults

Download Article:
 Download
(PDF 226.6 kb)
 

This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND licence.

Objectives: American Indians (AIs) are over-represented among homeless populations, but are understudied regarding their unique risk and resilience factors relative to non-Hispanic white (NHW) adults experiencing homelessness. In the current study, we aimed to address this gap. Methods: We recruited participants (108 AIs and 307 NHWs) from 6 homeless serving agencies in Oklahoma City, OK. Participants completed standard assessments of health, health behaviors, including alcohol and drug use, readiness to change endorsed health behaviors (eg, unsafe sex, fruit and vegetable intake, happiness with weight, physical activity), sleep location and quality, personal victimization, and discrimination. Results: Compared to NHWs, AIs endorsed greater alcohol use problems and were more likely to report having been arrested/booked for disorderly conduct or public drunkenness; however, AIs were less likely to report smoking cigarettes and reported greater readiness to change unsafe/unprotected sexual behaviors. Furthermore, compared to NHWs, AIs reported experiencing greater discrimination and were more likely to report sleeping outside or on the streets, versus in shelters; however, AIs reported fewer days of inadequate sleep. Conclusions: Findings suggest AI-specific risk and resilience factors for homelessness. This information can aid in treatment, service, and housing planning for this under-studied group who experiences some of the greatest health disparities.
No References for this article.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: ALCOHOL; AMERICAN INDIANS; DRUG ABUSE; HEALTH BEHAVIOR; HOMELESSNESS; MENTAL HEALTH

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Psychology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK;, Email: [email protected] 2: Oklahoma Tobacco Research Center, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK 3: Department of Psychological, Health, & Learning Sciences, University of Houston, Houston, TX 4: Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN

Publication date: September 1, 2020

More about this publication?
  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Submit a Paper
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Review Board
  • Reprints and Permissions
  • Ingenta Connect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more