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Parental Smoking Behavior and Childhood Cancer: A Case-control Study

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Objectives: In this paper, we examine the relationship between parental cigarette, waterpipe, or dual smoking behavior and the development of childhood cancer. Methods: We utilized a case-control design (200 in the case age- and sex-matched with 400 control group). The sample was selected from 3 main public hospitals in Jordan. We used a demographic data sheet to collect background information about the children and their parents, and a structured questionnaire to assess the children's exposure to second-hand smoking. Result: Children of women who smoke on occasional to daily levels were significantly more likely to have cancer (p = .007). Also, fathers who smoke on a daily basis were significantly more likely to conceive a child with cancer compared to nonsmokers (p < .001). The regression analysis showed that women who had past exposure to smoke were more likely to have a child with cancer compared to none-exposure women (OR = 2.9). Conclusions: Children who are exposed to smoking by family members during pregnancy are significantly more likely to develop cancer. Furthermore, children who are exposed to waterpipe and cigarette smoking combined during their neonatal period have a higher chance of developing cancer.
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Keywords: CANCER RISK; CHILDHOOD CANCER; SMOKING BEHAVIOR; WATERPIPE HABIT

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Associate Professor, Department of Health Management and Policy, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan;, Email: [email protected] 2: Associate Professor, Allied Medical Sciences Department, Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan 3: Faculty of Nursing, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan

Publication date: September 1, 2020

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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