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The WMS Healthy Lifestyle Scale for Adolescents: Development and Validation Based on a Second-order General Factor Model

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Objective: We developed and validated the psychometric properties of a scale to assess healthy lifestyle in adolescents aged 12 to 18. Methods: A pilot sample of 404 adolescents (54% males and 46% females) and a confirmatory sample of 1713 adolescents (48.7% males and 51.3% females) were considered. Results: In the pilot study, we performed an exploratory factor analysis (EFA), where the toxic relations dimension was changed to the social relations dimension. In the confirmatory study, we performed a confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), where the second-order general factor model presented adequate adjustment indices (CFI = .94; TLI = .93; RMSEA = .04[90% CI = .039-.044]; SRMR = .05). In addition, the global scale presented an adequate composite reliability index (CRI = .87) along with the 8 proposed dimensions: social relationships (.62), leisure habits (.55); risk-taking behaviors (.82), eating habits (.66); search for clean air (.57); sun protection (.79); physical activity (.65) and water drinking (.68). Conclusions: The results of the study contribute to an adequate measurement of the construct and evidence for the existence of a second-order general factor model. Furthermore, the study provides a conceptual and statistical basis for the psychometric development of the WMS scale in subsequent studies.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Lindsey W. Vilca , Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Universidad Peruana Unión, Lima, Peru;, Email: [email protected] 2: Mayela Cajachagua Castro, Professor, Department of Nursing, Universidad Peruana Unión, Lima, Peru 3: Silvia E. Moori, Associate Professor, Department of Nutrition, Universidad Peruana Unión, Lima, Peru 4: Fernando D. Solís-Guevara, Faculty Research Assistant, Department of Nutrition, Universidad Peruana Unión, Lima, Peru

Publication date: July 1, 2020

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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