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Do Emotional Intelligence and Self-compassion Affect Disordered Eating Perceptions?

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Background: Self-compassion (SC) allows people to cope with negative perceptions, and thus, may act as a buffer in people with disordered eating in terms of body image and eating behaviors. Higher emotional intelligence (EI) may play a similar role. However, few studies have explored their association. Objective: In this study, we tested a correlation model to determine how SC, EI, and subjective well-being (SWB) interact and affect disordered eating (DE) perceptions and which variables (SC, EI) predict SWB. Method: Overall, 156 participants completed a questionnaire assessing their levels of SC, EI, and SWB. Results: Participants who perceived themselves as having DE had significantly lower levels of SWB and SC but a significantly higher EI level. SWB was predicted by high scores in SC and low scores in EI. Conclusion: We propose a mediating model explaining the contribution of EI and SC to the SWB of those with DE perceptions.
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Keywords: DISORDERED EATING; EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE; SELF-COMPASSION; SUBJECTIVE WELL-BEING

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Vered Shenaar-Golan, Senior Lecturer, Social Work Department, Tel Hai Academic College, Tel Hai, Israel;, Email: [email protected] 2: Ofra Walter, Senior Lecturer, Department of Education, Tel Hai Academic College, Tel Hai, Israel

Publication date: July 1, 2020

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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