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Health-related Fitness Components – Links Between Parents and Their Child

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Objectives: Health-related fitness is a good predictor of health status of children and adults. Less is known about relationships of health-related fitness components between parents and children. Methods: Our study involved 58 children (30 girls and 28 boys, mean age = 7.97) and 58 parents (33 mothers, mean age = 39.32, and 25 fathers, mean age = 38.73) who were voluntarily enrolled in the program in 3 selected primary schools in the city of Poznan, Poland. Physical fitness was measured using the Eurofit test battery. Assessment of body composition was performed by measuring the bioimpedance. Results: Positive relationships were found among the levels of strength of abdominal muscle, flexibility of parents, and the slenderness of children. Slimmer parents also had more physically active children. Body composition parameters also were related to physical activity. More relationships were found between children and parents of the same sex. Conclusion: Data support the hypothesis that health-related risk factors are linked between parents and children and that sex plays an important role in these relationships. Our findings reinforce the need to develop health promotion programs that include children and their parents.
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Keywords: BODY COMPOSITION; BODY MASS INDEX; CHILDREN; PARENTS; PHYSICAL ACTIVITY; PHYSICAL FITNESS

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Ida Laudańska-Krzemińska, Poznań University of Physical Education, Department of Physical Activity Science and Health Promotion, Poznań, Poland 2: Maciej Tomczak, Poznań University of Physical Education, Department of Psychology, Poznań, Poland 3: Beata Pluta, Poznań University of Physical Education, Department of Methodology of Recreation, Poznań, Poland 4: Małgorzata Bronikowska, Poznań University of Physical Education, Department of Methodology of Recreation, Poznań, Poland 5: Zbigniew Kasprzak, Poznań University of Physical Education, Department of Hygiene, Poznań, Poland 6: Janusz Maciaszek, Poznań University of Physical Education, Department of Physical Activity Science and Health Promotion , Poznań, Poland;, Email: [email protected]

Publication date: July 1, 2020

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  • The American Journal of Health Behavior seeks to improve the quality of life through multidisciplinary health efforts in fostering a better understanding of the multidimensional nature of both individuals and social systems as they relate to health behaviors.

    The Journal aims to provide a comprehensive understanding of the impact of personal attributes, personality characteristics, behavior patterns, social structure, and processes on health maintenance, health restoration, and health improvement; to disseminate knowledge of holistic, multidisciplinary approaches to designing and implementing effective health programs; and to showcase health behavior analysis skills that have been proven to affect health improvement and recovery.

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